Newton's and Fresnel's Diffraction Experiments

The Continuation of Newton's Diffraction Experiments

Diffraction of Light at Slit and Hindrance

Interference-Angle Condition, Diffraction and Imagery

Diffraction One After Another and with Intermediate Imagery

Diminishing of Frequency of Light after Diffraction

Inner and Outer Diffraction-Fringes at Circular Openings

Superposition of Interference and Diffraction

Diffraction Experiments with Inhomogeneous Illumination

Experiments with Polarized Light at Slit and Double-Slit

The Background of Diffraction-Figures

Trial for Interpretation of Newton's Diffraction Experiments

Consequences for Photons out of Newton's Diffraction Experiments

Consequences for Structure of Electrons out of that of Photons

The Thermally Conditioned Electromagnetic Field

Diffraction and Light-Emission of Electrons

Energy-Steps of Electrons in Magnetic Eigen-Field

Faraday's Electro-tonic States

Near-Field Optics with Regard to Newton's Diffraction-Experiments

Consideration of Magnetic Moment of Electron in Quantum Theories

Light in Deterministic and Synergetic Processes


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Diffraction and Light-Emission of Electrons


Already Newton had proved in his diffraction experiments that light never can be a wave and he excluded indeterminism. For establishment of diffraction is offered the photon with structure and its field their interaction causes a change of direction by hindered field with use of vortex-dynamics. This is transferable on other particles by consideration that at photons determine their frequency the diffraction-figure and at other particles their velocity. If electrons change their velocity or direction, then can be tied off field-lines analogous Hertz's dipole emission, and then photons can be emitted.



In the discussion between Bohr and Einstein was considered Bohr as victor. But Einstein could prove his refuse opinion against the dualism of wave and particle (Einstein [31]: fusion of wave and particle) and indeterminism (Einstein [32]: God does not dice) to Heisenberg-Bohr's quantum-theory if he had recognise the importance of Newton's diffraction experiments. Moreover, Einstein [33] 1934 had written a foreword to Newton's optics, but the third book had obviously devoted no attention to him. Newton had not put out the observations 5 and 10 for he could not foresee Fresnel's simplifications or suppressions. Also he did not use his diffraction experiments for interpretation of nature of light. Einstein had to experiment in order to find Fresnel's inadmissible and wrong extrapolation with help of Newton's observation 5 and 10. But at that time he could not give an alternative. This was possible first about 1960 after acknowledgement of structure of elementary-particles. Already Broglie introduced with the photon with the guidance-wave, what Born corrected in guidance-field, the possibility of self-interaction (but he did not term it so). However, now it is possible to carry on the opinion of Einstein.
The optimism to this already Laue [34] had given, when he wrote (translated): " ... For the author shines no smaller the difficulties to unit jointly particle- and wave-introductions for the same object. ... But the necessary unity of both introductions remains moreover an unrealised demand to the theory. One do not say this difficulty were invincible on principle. In an interpretation of every experiment is involved already theory."
This theory here resulted only from suppression of Newton's diffraction experiments.


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