Newton's and Fresnel's Diffraction Experiments

The Continuation of Newton's Diffraction Experiments

Diffraction of Light at Slit and Hindrance

Interference-Angle Condition, Diffraction and Imagery

Diffraction One After Another and with Intermediate Imagery

Diminishing of Frequency of Light after Diffraction

Inner and Outer Diffraction-Fringes at Circular Openings

Superposition of Interference and Diffraction

Diffraction Experiments with Inhomogeneous Illumination

Experiments with Polarized Light at Slit and Double-Slit

The Background of Diffraction-Figures

Trial for Interpretation of Newton's Diffraction Experiments

Consequences for Photons out of Newton's Diffraction Experiments

Consequences for Structure of Electrons out of that of Photons

The Thermally Conditioned Electromagnetic Field

Diffraction and Light-Emission of Electrons

Energy-Steps of Electrons in Magnetic Eigen-Field

Faraday's Electro-tonic States

Near-Field Optics with Regard to Newton's Diffraction-Experiments

Consideration of Magnetic Moment of Electron in Quantum Theories

Light in Deterministic and Synergetic Processes


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Near-Field Optics with Regard to Newton's Diffraction-Experiments


The phenomenons of diffraction are new built up with regard to Newton's and newly diffraction experiments. By photons with structure and field diffraction is described as change of direction in consequence of interaction of the photon with its asymmetric returning field with use of vortex-dynamics By strong fade out, interaction or origin in smallest particles, can originate photons with an incomplete field. These photons can not interfere with its field and so are not to obey Abbe's formula for resolving power. But every photon completed soon its field and so was near-field optics possible only in shortest distances, as experiments show too.


Comparison with the sound-field

Marti a. Krausch [17] compared near-field optics with phenomena in sound where also appear near-field effects which direct to a higher resolution. But between sound and light are fundamental differences. With our present knowledge sound bases in gaseous medium on periodic stimulations but then on impact-processes. The single gas-molecules move locally only little in propagation-direction till it hits the next molecule. At central impact they can pass down their energy, at eccentric impact only a part of energy is delivered and it results a change of direction. These changes of direction feign to do a Huygens' principle and cause at sound a diffraction as deflection. An interference of one molecule with itself in the form of interaction of molecule with ist field not known in sound. At limitation and periodic stimulation result diffractions which are only restrictively comparable with diffraction of light. If sound comes out of a very small source so have in short distance took place only few impacts and deviations from the original direction hardly make a difference, there exists also in sound a near-field with different properties.


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